Of Bonds And Capital Gains

wealthymatters.comFor any drop in interest rates by 100 basis points, or 1%, very broadly you can see a capital appreciation of 5% on a 5-year bond, 7% on a 10-year bond and 10% on a 15-year bond.The higher the duration of the bond, the greater the capital appreciation.

Since bonds like NHAI and SBI come from the government, they track benchmark 10-year Gsec rates.The 10-year yield now stands at 8.25%. Suppose this were to drop by 100 basis points over the next one year, then it is possible that the NHAI 10-year bonds with a face value of Rs 10,000 could gain Rs 700 per bond and trade at Rs 10,700 and the 15-year bonds will trade at Rs 11,000. Thus for a 15-year bond, an investor could make a capital gain of Rs 1,000, or 10%.

However it is betterĀ to buy these bonds with an objective of holding till their maturity, and not merely for capital gains. This is because bond markets are not well developed in India and show very little activity. So, exiting many bonds could be a problem. Also there are very few products with a maturity of 10 to 15 years, hence the market prices may not reflect the true price.

Shopping For NCDs on the Stock Market

wealthymatters.comBuying an NCD at an IPO when interest rates are high and holding it to maturity is a pretty sound idea.But buying NCDs in the secondary market can be pretty profitable too.

The prices of NCDs vary with changes in the prevailing interest rates.So careful shopping when prices fall as interest rates rise and holding on till maturity is more profitable.

If a person is good at figuring out which way the interest rates will move,he could buy NCDs cheap and exit them when their prices peak.This could potentially increase returns.

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