How Much To Pay For A Business ?

When a seller quotes a price for his business it is known as “Ask price”. In response a buyer offers his price; this is known as “Bid Price”. After negotiation both parties agree at a price to close the deal. In order to make a bid price a buyer must do a valuation of the business he is interested in. There are five methods of valuing a business before buying it:

1. Asset Value: This is the easiest method in valuing a business. Underlying assumption in this method is that the business is a going concern. You tally all assets tangible and intangibles, fixed and current to get the total value. In the case of fixed assets either you can take the value net of associated depreciation or on replacement value basis. Current assets are appraised generally on realizable amount basis. Intangibles such as goodwill can be re-estimated. From the total assets value you must deduct outside liabilities to arrive at net value of assets in a business. Although the method is a popular one, it lacks credence as it does not take the capacity of the assets to generate income in the future, which is more meaningful to the buyer than just jotting up assets. Moreover, small businesses as well as service providers are very lean on assets but fat on earnings. Hence, asset value may not be representative for these businesses. On the other side of the coin, large scale industry is asset rich but whether they generate adequate returns on assets employed is a moot point. Read more of this post


Learning From Sir John Templeton

wealthymatters.comSir John Templeton (November 29, 1912 – July 8, 2008) was a legendary investor and a pioneer of global investing. He took value investing to an extreme, picking industries and companies he believed to be at rock bottom, or as he called it “points of maximum pessimism.”He bought when there was blood on the streets. For example,when investors fled the New York market after the Second World War was declared, Templeton borrowed $10,000 to scoop up stocks priced at less than a dollar, often in companies that were near bankruptcy. In four years, he sold the stock, paid off the debt and pocketed $40,000—the seed money for Templeton Growth Fund, a market beater for many years.

Templeton did not care where a company was located. If it was selling below what he considered to be its asset value, and if it was in an industry or nation that was “out of favor,” he was interested in it. He was among the first to invest in postwar-Japan and among the first to sell out of Japan in the mid-1980s. He was one of the very few who invested in Peru when the communist Shining Path was running rampant, and by doing so, he reaped a fortune for his investors.   Read more of this post

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