Virtual Equity


wealthymattersHave you ever wondered how billion dollar infrastructure projects are financed by the private sector in India? Here is the story:

Say there is a Rs.10,000-crore project, with a 70:30 debt-equity ratio. The promoter needs to put up Rs 3,000 crore as equity . Suppose he can scrape together Rs 1,000 crore. He will inflate the project cost to 15,000 crore.

His required  equity contribution now goes up to Rs 4,500 crore but he gets credit worth Rs 10,500 crore, more than enough to finance the entire project.

During implementation through promoter-owned companies, money will be taken out of the project, to fund a part of his equity contribution and to grease the palms that allow such an inflated project cost to go not just unchallenged, but actually blessed.

While implementing the project, he will start another project, take money out of it to fund the remaining part of the original project’s equity contribution and to service the loan on the first project once its construction is over. Then he will start yet other projects, to actually finance the second project, and so on. The first project will turn into a cash cow, if this string of loan-financed projects can continue to mushroom long enough for the loan on the first project to be fully paid off. Read more of this post

Apple’s Negotiating Formula


WealthymattersApple wants what Apple wants, when Apple wants it and how Apple wants it. And Apple will pay for it. If they don’t get what they want, they just say no. And they typically don’t come back a second time. And they may declare war on you. - Ryan Lokey

Results of Falling Crude Oil Prices


wealthymatters1. Reduction of India’s crude oil import bill.

2.Soft crude oil prices threaten growth in oil producing economies and has an effect on foreign fund flows into India.

3.Falling crude prices means lower income for oil-exporting countries, leading to slowdown in global demand and fall in Indian exports.

 

Sleeping On Cash


In a lighter vein, if you have ever wondered just how much cash you could sleep on, literally, here are some figures to help you get started:

wealthymatters

My calculation is Rs 10 cr max to construct a reasonable sized double bed platform of cash. Though I have doubts about the comfort of this bed of cash!

Thus Spoke Raghuram Rajan


walthymattersI always read what Raghuram Rajan says with interest. He has often been dead right and remarkably prescient. Here is the full text of a speech he gave yesterday. It gives us a framework to think about economic matters for the next few years.

Make in India, Largely for India
(Talk delivered by Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor Reserve Bank of India at the Bharat Ram Memorial Lecture on December 12, 2014 in New Delhi)

The global economy is still weak, despite a strengthening recovery in the United States. The Euro area is veering close to recession, Japan has already experienced two quarters of negative growth after a tax hike, and many emerging markets are rethinking their export-led growth models as the industrial world stagnates. In the last couple of years, the IMF has repeatedly reduced its growth forecasts. After 6 years of a tepid post-crisis recovery, the IMF titled its most recent World Economic Outlook “Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties”. Read more of this post

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