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Investing In Unlisted Shares

wealthymattersIf you’d like to be part of the action and excitement of various start-ups, you can consider investing in unlisted shares. But there are a few challenges to overcome and difficulties to bear up to.

Since these companies are unlisted, very little financial information is available. Also, because there’s no formal platform to trade these shares, the demand-supply situation varies and the price at which deals are struck are a function of the quantity, demand-supply situation and the sentiment prevailing in the secondary markets.

Unlike listed stocks, the unlisted space has few brokers and trades are made through known sources.Often, a broker accumulates small lots of shares from employees who have earned them as ESOPs, or from investors who have bought earlier and are looking for an exit. Once the broker has a sizeable chunk of shares, typically worth more than Rs 1 crore, it’s offered to HNIs.

Unlike listed shares, where a holder can exit through the stock exchange, liquidity is poor in unlisted companies. You would have to look for an IPO or another buyer. Read more of this post

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The Grim Side Of Foreign M&As

wealthymattersYes, there is the successful take-over of JLR by Tata Motors, but most of India Inc’s big-ticket overseas acquisitions in the past five to seven years have,eroded wealth. The reasons for this range from high leverage taken to acquire a company , adverse changes in business cycle, or simply , failure to turn around a loss-making unit.

Tata Steel-Corus

Tata Steel acquired Corus, four times its size, for $12.04 billion in 2006. The valuation was more than one and-a half times its initial offer and was paid mainly through debt. Eight years down the line, Corus hasn’t contributed much to Tata Steel’s earnings. The European business was loss-making till FY13 and has not yet shown strong signs of a turn around.

Hindalco­- Novelis

Hindalco acquired Canadian company Novelis for $6 billion in 2007, making the combined entity the world’s largest rolled-aluminium producer. However, the high leverage, resulting from the acquisition and the slowdown in aluminium demand, post acquisition, have led to the company’s stock stagnating at the same level, adding nothing to its value. Read more of this post

Loans Against Insurance Policies

wealthymattersThe news that Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India has recently surpassed banks as the largest personal loan lender in India has turned the focus on insurance policies as collateral. Apart from LIC, other life insurers like ICICI Prudential Life and Edelweiss Tokio Life, and several banks, including the State Bank of India (SBI), ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank, offer loans against life insurance policies.

Loans are granted only against traditional policies that have life cover along with a savings element in them. Term insurance covers and unit-linked insurance plans cannot be pledged to secure loans against them.Policies must acquire surrender value -the amount you would get if you terminate the policy after a certain years -to qualify for loans. You must assign the policy in favour of the insurer to get a loan. Typically, insurance companies offer loans up to 85-90% of the surrender value. LIC charges an interest rate of 10%, to be paid every six months. Read more of this post

SIPs Don’t Guarantee Anything

wealthymatters Equity can also underperform other asset classes in the long term, depending on your time of entry and exit.

Equity cult members believe that equity will provide ‘fabulous’ returns if you avoid timing and invest regularly through systematic investment plans (SIPs). But, if we analyse what the Sensex returns would have been after doing monthly SIPs on the Sensex for 10 years, this is not the case.

The  chart to the left is annualised returns (CAGR) on 10-yr SIPs on the Sensex. For example, the first data point of 34.55% on 31-8-1994 means the CAGR of 10-yr SIPs (i.e. SIPs from 1984-94) and the last data point of 13.37% on 31-8-2014 means the CAGR of SIPs from 2004-14.Dividend yield on the Sensex is ignored because retail investors will be buying Sensex using index funds and the small dividend yield will be negated by the expense ratio charged by these funds.

As seen from this graph, there are times in the past 20 years (i.e. mostly between the bear markets of 2001 and 2003) when equity investors have actually lost money even after doing SIP on the Sensex for full 10 years.

This is not to say that equity is a bad asset class or SIPs are not beneficial but that SIPs only reduce volatility and no in way guarantee fabulous returns from equities in the long term.

Also see in how many years equities have not been able to give 10yr CAGRs of 10%.So now you know what to do when banks have FDs offering 10% or more over 10years.Same goes for bonds, especially of the quasi government variety.



wealthymattersYesterday, TCS, India’s largest software exporter, celebrated 10 years of listing on the stock exchange. It was on August 25, 2004, when TCS made its trading debut on Dalal Street at a 27% premium to its issue price. And, there has been no looking back for the stock, churning a compounded annual return of 27% for a decade.

The market capitalisation of the company has risen from Rs47,232 crore to a mammoth Rs4.94 lakh crore in 10 years of listing -the highest among all Indian listed companies.

Investors who stayed put in the stock in the period would have made over three times the average annual compounded returns from fixed deposits. For instance, an investor, who would have put Rs1 lakh in the TCS initial public offer (IPO) at Rs850 a piece, would be sitting on Rs12.52 lakh on Monday . TCS is currently trading at Rs2,521 after two bonus issues -one in July 2006 and other in June 2009. The company has also paid handsome dividends.

In contrast, if the investor had put Rs1 lakh in a fixed deposit with 9% interest in 2004, he would have made Rs2.37 lakh by now without considering taxes. Read more of this post


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